# How to check geometry type (MultiPolygon or Polygon) with Geopandas ?

Published: October 02, 2023

Tags: Python; Geopandas;

Geopandas is a powerful Python library used for working with geospatial data. It allows users to read, write, and manipulate geographic data, making it an essential tool for anyone working with location-based information.

## Checking Geometry Type

One of the important tasks when working with geospatial data is checking the geometry type of your data. This information is crucial for performing various operations, as different geometry types require different methods and tools.

In Geopandas, there are two main geometry types - MultiPolygon and Polygon. A MultiPolygon is made up of multiple polygons, while a Polygon represents a single area on a map.

To check Geometry Type a solution is to use geopandas.GeoSeries.geom_type

````geom_type`
```

## Example

Let's consider for example the following dataframe (see How to retrieve country name for a given latitude and longitude using geopandas and naturalearthdata ?):

````import geopandas as gpd`
`import pandas as pd`

`from shapely.geometry import Point`

`df = gpd.read_file('110m_cultural')`

`cols = ['NAME', 'geometry']`

`df[cols]`
```

Note that

````df['geometry'].geom_type`
```

gives

````0      MultiPolygon`
`1           Polygon`
`2           Polygon`
`3      MultiPolygon`
`4      MultiPolygon`
`           ...     `
`172         Polygon`
`173         Polygon`
`174         Polygon`
`175         Polygon`
`176         Polygon`
`Length: 177, dtype: object`
```

and

````df['geometry'].geom_type.value_counts()`
```

gives

````Polygon         148`
`MultiPolygon     29`
`dtype: int64`
```

Perform iteration on each row:

````for index, row in df.iterrows():`
`    if 'MultiPolygon' in row['geometry'].geom_type:`
`        print( 'MultiPolygon')`
`    if 'Polygon' in row['geometry'].geom_type:`
`        print( 'Polygon')`
```

gives

````MultiPolygon`
`Polygon`
`Polygon`
`Polygon`
`MultiPolygon`
`Polygon`
`MultiPolygon`
`.`
`.`
`.`
```

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